Muscarinic responses of gastric parietal cells

J Membr Biol. 1991 Jun;122(2):97-110. doi: 10.1007/BF01872634.


Isolated rabbit gastric glands were used to study the nature of the muscarinic cholinergic responses of parietal cells. Carbachol (CCh, 100 microM) stimulation of acid secretion, as measured by the accumulation of aminopyrine, was inhibited by the M1 antagonist, pirenzepine, with an IC50 of 13 microM; by the M2 antagonist, 11,2-(diethylamino)methyl-1 piperidinyl acetyl-5,11-dihydro-6H-pyrido 2,3-b 1,4 benzodiazepin-6-one (AF-DX 116), with an IC50 of 110 microM; and by the M1/M3 antagonist, diphenyl-acetoxy-4-methylpiperidinemethiodide (4-DAMP), with an IC50 of 35 nM. The three antagonists displayed equivalent IC50 values for the inhibition of carbachol-stimulated production of 14CO2 from radiolabeled glucose, which is a measure of the turnover of the H,K-ATPase, the final step of acid secretion. Intracellular calcium levels were measured in gastric glands loaded with FURA 2. Carbachol was shown to both release calcium from an intracellular pool and to promote calcium entry across the plasma membrane. The calcium entry was inhibitable by 20 microM La3+. The relative potency of the three muscarinic antagonists for inhibition of calcium entry was essentially the same as for inhibition of acid secretion or pump related glucose oxidation. Image analysis of the glands showed the effects of carbachol, and of the antagonists, on intracellular calcium were occurring largely in the parietal cell. The rise in cell calcium due to release of calcium from intracellular stores was inhibited by 4-DAMP with an IC50 of 1.7 nM, suggesting that the release pathway was regulated by a low affinity M3 muscarinic receptor or state; Ca entry and acid secretion are regulated by a high affinity M3 muscarinic receptor or state, inhibited by higher 4-DAMP concentrations (greater than 30 nM), suggesting that it is the steady-state elevation of Ca that is related to parietal cell function rather than the [Ca]i transient. Displacement of 3H N-methyl scopolamine (NMS) binding to purified parietal cells by CCh showed the presence of two affinities for CCh, but only a single affinity for 4-DAMP and lower affinity for pirenzepine and AFDX 116, providing further evidence for the parietal cell location of the [Ca]i response. Elevation of steady-state [Ca]i levels with either ionomycin or arachidonic acid did not replicate M3 stimulation of acid secretion or glucose oxidation, hence elevation of [Ca]i is necessary but not sufficient for acid secretion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aminopyrine / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Arachidonic Acids / pharmacology
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Carbachol / pharmacology
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Ionomycin / pharmacology
  • N-Methylscopolamine
  • Parasympatholytics / metabolism
  • Parasympatholytics / pharmacology
  • Parietal Cells, Gastric / metabolism
  • Parietal Cells, Gastric / physiology*
  • Parietal Cells, Gastric / ultrastructure
  • Piperidines / pharmacology
  • Pirenzepine / analogs & derivatives
  • Pirenzepine / pharmacology
  • Rabbits
  • Receptors, Muscarinic / drug effects
  • Receptors, Muscarinic / metabolism
  • Receptors, Muscarinic / physiology*
  • Scopolamine Derivatives / metabolism
  • Tritium


  • Arachidonic Acids
  • Parasympatholytics
  • Piperidines
  • Receptors, Muscarinic
  • Scopolamine Derivatives
  • Aminopyrine
  • Tritium
  • Pirenzepine
  • Ionomycin
  • 4-diphenylacetoxy-1,1-dimethylpiperidinium
  • Carbachol
  • Glucose
  • otenzepad
  • Calcium
  • N-Methylscopolamine