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Comparative Study
, 14 (4), 336-43

Horizontal and Vertical Dimensions of Individualism-Collectivism: A Comparison of African Americans and European Americans

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Comparative Study

Horizontal and Vertical Dimensions of Individualism-Collectivism: A Comparison of African Americans and European Americans

Meera Komarraju et al. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol.

Abstract

The current study examined ethnic differences in horizontal and vertical dimensions of individualism and collectivism among 96 African American and 149 European American college students. Participants completed the 32-item Singelis et al. (1995) Individualism/Collectivism Scale. Multivariate analyses of variance results yielded a main effect for ethnicity, with African Americans being significantly higher on horizontal individualism and European Americans being higher on horizontal collectivism and vertical individualism. A moderated multiple regression analysis indicated that ethnicity significantly moderated the relationship between individualism and collectivism. Individualism and collectivism were significantly and positively associated among African Americans, but not associated among European Americans. In addition, collectivism was related to grade point average for African Americans but not for European Americans. Contrary to the prevailing view of individualism-collectivism being unipolar, orthogonal dimensions, results provide support for individualism-collectivism to be considered as unipolar, related dimensions for African Americans.

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