Complications and mid-term outcome after percutaneous patent foramen ovale closure in patients with cryptogenic stroke

Neth Heart J. 2008 Oct;16(10):332-6. doi: 10.1007/BF03086174.


Background: Percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure seems to reduce the risk of recurrent thromboembolism. We report the safety and efficacy of percutaneous PFO closure in our centre.

Methods: All patients, >16 years of age, who underwent a percutaneous PFO closure in our centre were included. Reoccurrence of stroke, transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and peripheral thromboembolism were assessed. Periprocedural and midterm complications are reported.

Results: Eighty-three consecutive patients (mean age 49+/-13 years) were included. Indications for PFO closure were cryptogenic stroke (59.0%), TIA (33.7%), peripheral embolism (2.4%) and other (4.8%). For PFO closure, a Cardioseal/Starflex device was used in 63 patients and an Amplatzer PFO occluder device in 20 patients. Stroke recurred in 1.2%, TIA in 3.6%, peripheral embolism in 0% during a mean follow-up of 1.9+/-1.2 years. Major periprocedural complications occurred in 1.2%. The mid-term complication rate was 2.4% and only consisted of minor complications. During follow-up, a residual right-to-left shunt was present in 5.7% of the patients. No significant difference in outcome, complications or residual shunting could be documented between the two device types.

Conclusion: In our centre, the percutaneous closure of a PFO seems to be a safe and effective procedure to prevent recurrence of paradoxical thrombo-embolic events. (Neth Heart J 2008;16:332-6.).

Keywords: cryptogenic stroke; patent foramen ovale; percutaneous closure; safety.