Comparison of Host Responses After Intranasal Infection of Guinea-Pigs With Mycoplasma Genitalium or With Mycoplasma Pneumoniae

Microb Pathog. 1991 Mar;10(3):221-9. doi: 10.1016/0882-4010(91)90056-g.


Guinea-pigs were infected intranasally with Mycoplasma genitalium or Mycoplasma pneumoniae. The lung lesions produced by the two mycoplasmas were comparable in extent and histological pattern. Sera of both animal groups taken 2 weeks after infection reacted strongly in the complement fixation test with the M. pneumoniae glycolipid extract. In an ELISA using the respective adherence proteins (P1-protein of M. pneumoniae and MgPa of M. genitalium), strong specific activity, but also considerable cross-reactions were found. Epitope analysis by using overlapping octapeptides of a P1-region immunologically active in human M. pneumoniae infections and of the corresponding MgPa-region revealed six common epitopes but also one M. genitalium and two M. pneumoniae specific determinants. For analysis of a possible pathogenicity of M. genitalium in the human respiratory tract species-specific tests have to be developed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Intranasal
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / biosynthesis
  • Bacterial Proteins / chemistry
  • Cross Reactions
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Immunoglobulin G / biosynthesis
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mycoplasma / analysis
  • Mycoplasma / immunology*
  • Pneumonia, Mycoplasma / etiology
  • Pneumonia, Mycoplasma / immunology*
  • Pneumonia, Mycoplasma / pathology


  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Immunoglobulin G