Modulation of neonatal myelopoiesis in newborn rats after 7 days' administration of either granulocyte-monocyte colony stimulating factor or interleukin-3

Pediatr Res. 1991 May;29(5):504-9. doi: 10.1203/00006450-199105010-00018.


Single-pulse administration of either recombinant human granulocyte-monocyte colony stimulating factor or recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor to newborn rats has previously been demonstrated to increase the peripheral neutrophil count and modulate bone marrow (BM) neutrophil pools. In our present study, we investigated the effects of 7 d of either recombinant murine granulocyte-monocyte colony stimulating factor (rmGM-CSF) (75 micrograms/kg/d) or recombinant murine IL-3 (rm IL-3) (10 micrograms/kg/d) on newborn rat myelopoiesis. Sprague Dawley newborn rats (greater than or equal to 24 h) were injected (intraperitoneally) daily for 7 d with either rmGM-CSF, rmIL-3, or PBS/BSA. rmGM-CSF induced a significant increase in the peripheral neutrophil count on d 3 (p less than 0.03) and d 7 (p less than 0.001) (75% increase). Additionally, rmGM-CSF induced a 50% increase in the BM neutrophil storage pool (p less than 0.025). rmIL-3 increased the BM colony forming unit-granulocyte monocyte pool (p less than 0.001); however, it failed to increase the peripheral neutrophil count or BM neutrophil storage pool. Neither CSF increased the BM neutrophil proliferative pool or BM colony forming unit-granulocyte monocyte proliferative rate. Additionally, 7 d of rmGM-CSF with or without antibiotics did not synergistically alter the mortality rate after group B streptococcol inoculation. This study suggests that rmIL-3 appears to stimulate more neonatal myeloid committed progenitor cell activity compared with rmGM-CSF. Optimal modulation of neonatal myelopoiesis may require the use of a sequential combination of hematopoietic CSF, namely an early-acting CSF followed by a more lineage myeloid-specific CSF.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn / physiology*
  • Bone Marrow / drug effects
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology*
  • Hematopoiesis / drug effects*
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / drug effects
  • Interleukin-3 / pharmacology*
  • Leukocyte Count / drug effects
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Mice
  • Neutrophils / drug effects
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • Spleen / drug effects
  • Stimulation, Chemical


  • Interleukin-3
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor