High-fat diets stimulate transient hyperphagia whereas wet diets stimulate prolonged hyperphagia in Fischer rats

Physiol Behav. 1991 Jun;49(6):1223-8. doi: 10.1016/0031-9384(91)90355-r.

Abstract

The effectiveness of several different kinds of diets in stimulating hyperphagia in Fischer strain rats was compared. Of three different high-fat diets examined, only one stimulated significant hyperphagia and stimulated weight gain; this diet was high in both fat and carbohydrate. However, this hyperphagia and increased weight gain was transient, lasting less than four weeks. A high-sucrose diet stimulated energy intake for only one week. In contrast, adding water to a high-starch diet or adding saccharin to a wet diet stimulated energy intake and weight gain for at least ten weeks. Once water or saccharin were removed from these diets, hyperphagia subsided or even turned into hypophagia, until body weights approached control levels. The degree of hyperphagia during the first week did not correlate with subsequent hyperphagia or weight gain. These results suggest that wet diets act by different mechanisms than do dry high-fat and high-sucrose diets.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Weight
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
  • Energy Intake
  • Female
  • Food Preferences / psychology*
  • Hyperphagia / psychology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344
  • Sucrose / administration & dosage
  • Taste*

Substances

  • Dietary Fats
  • Sucrose