Fluorous ionic liquids as solvents for the liquid-liquid extraction of metal ions by macrocyclic polyethers

Talanta. 2006 Apr 15;69(2):527-31. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2005.09.046. Epub 2005 Nov 28.


The predominant mode of strontium ion transfer from aqueous nitrate media into a series of 1-fluoroalkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)]imides containing dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 (DCH18C6) is shown to shift from cation exchange to strontium nitrato-crown ether complex partitioning as the length of the fluoroalkyl substituent is increased. Fluoroalkyl substituents are shown to be only slightly more effective than their non-fluorous analogs at inducing this shift. At the same time, the fluorinated ionic liquids (ILs) yield strontium distribution ratios as much as an order of magnitude lower than the corresponding 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium (C(n)mim(+)) salts. Fluorous ILs thus appear to offer no compelling advantages over C(n)mim(+) ionic liquids as extraction solvents.