Purpose: To evaluate an algorithm based on algebraic estimation of T1 values (three-point estimation) in comparison with computational curve-fitting for the postprocessing of quantitative cerebral perfusion scans.
Materials and methods: Computer simulations were performed to quantify the magnitude of the expected error on T1 and consequently cerebral perfusion using the three-point estimation technique on a Look-Locker (LL) EPI scan. In 50 patients, quantitative cerebral perfusion was calculated using the bookend method with three-point estimation and curve-fitting. The bookend method, a novel approach for calculating quantitative cerebral perfusion based on changes in T1 values after a contrast injection, is currently being validated. The number of computations was used as a measure of computation speed for each method. Student's paired t-test, Bland-Altman, and correlation analyses were performed to evaluate the accuracy of estimation.
Results: There was a 99.65% reduction in the number of computations with three-point estimation. Student's t-test showed no significant difference in cerebral perfusion (P=0.80, 0.49, paired t-test N=50, quantitative cerebral blood flow-white matter [qCBF-WM], qCBF-gray matter [qCBF-GM]) when compared to curve-fitting. The results of the two techniques were strongly correlated in patients (slope=0.99, intercept=1.58 mL/(100 g/minute), r=0.86) with a small systemic bias of -0.97 mL/(100 g/minute) in Bland-Altman analysis.
Conclusion: The three-point estimation technique is adequate for rapid calculation of qCBF. The estimation scheme drastically reduces processing time, thus making the method feasible for clinical use.
Copyright (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.