Detection of the infant with congenital/early acquired hearing disability

Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. 1991;482:111-6; discussion 117. doi: 10.3109/00016489109128033.

Abstract

The age at identification and intervention in different samples of children with congenital/early acquired hearing disability is described. The prevalence of congenital/early acquired hearing disability was 1.3/1,000. Among hearing disabled children born 1970-1975 only 16% were identified at the age of one year, whereas among children born 1980-1985, 37% were identified at this age. Children at-risk are not identified earlier than children not-at-risk. In 50-60% the parents are the first to suspect their child's hearing disability, and it is emphasized that non-professional screening resources are present in the general population and should be taken into account. Better information to both professionals and non-professionals about high-risk criteria and about the signs of hearing disability in combination with easy access to a professional audiological unit could improve the early detection and intervention of hearing disabled children.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Child, Preschool
  • Community Health Workers
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Diagnostic Errors
  • Hearing Disorders / congenital*
  • Hearing Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Hearing Disorders / epidemiology
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / congenital
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Parents
  • Regression Analysis