Fatal rhino-orbito-cerebral infection caused by Saksenaea vasiformis in an immunocompetent individual: first case report from India

Indian J Med Microbiol. Oct-Dec 2008;26(4):385-7. doi: 10.4103/0255-0857.43572.

Abstract

A 56-year-old female patient presented with history of nasal blockage, nasal bleeding, headache, since one month. On admission the patient developed severe headache, decreased vision of eyes and blindness. Clinical diagnosis of rhino-orbital involvement was confirmed by computerized tomography of the paranasal sinuses. The diagnosis of fungal infection was confirmed by KOH examination, haematoxylin and eosin examination and Gomori's methanamine silver stain of the biopsy material. Diagnosis was confirmed by culture on Sabouraud Dextrose agar, slide culture on Czapek Dox medium and the isolate was identified as Saksenaea vasiformis. The patient was started on intravenous amphotericin B (received only one dose before succumbing), but she did not respond to the treatment, developed hemiparesis, slurred speech, diminished reflexes and ultimately died. The involvement of the brain was confirmed by computerised tomographic scan. We believe this case to be the first case of rhino-orbito-cerebral infection due to Saksenaea vasiformis and that of second case in an immunocompetent patient in the world.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Brain Diseases / diagnosis
  • Brain Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Diseases / microbiology*
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunocompetence*
  • India
  • Middle Aged
  • Mucorales / isolation & purification*
  • Mucormycosis / diagnosis*
  • Mucormycosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Mucormycosis / microbiology*
  • Orbital Diseases / diagnosis
  • Orbital Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Orbital Diseases / microbiology*
  • Paranasal Sinus Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Paranasal Sinus Diseases / microbiology*
  • Radiography