Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin suppresses cyst growth by Pkd1 null cells in vitro and in vivo

Kidney Int. 2008 Nov;74(10):1310-1318. doi: 10.1038/ki.2008.395. Epub 2008 Aug 13.


Cyst growth in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is thought to be due to increased tubular cell proliferation. One model to explain this altered proliferation suggests that the polycystin proteins PC1 and PC2 localize to apical cilia and serve as an integral part of the flow-sensing pathway thus modulating the proliferative response. We measured proliferation and apoptosis in proximal tubule derived cell lines lacking PC1. These cells showed increased rates of proliferation, a decreased rate of apoptosis, compared to control heterozygous cell lines, and spontaneously formed cysts rather than tubules in an in vitro tubulogenesis assay. Addition of neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL), a small secreted protein that binds diverse ligands, to the cells lacking PC1 inhibited proliferation and increased apoptosis leading to slower cyst growth in vitro. Sustained over-expression at low level of NGAL by an adenoviral delivery system suppressed cyst enlargement without improving renal function in the Pkd1 mutant mice. Our studies show that renal epithelial cells lacking PC1 have an inherent tendency to hyper-proliferate forming cysts in vitro independent of a flow stimulus. The potential benefit of attenuating cyst growth with NGAL remains to be determined.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute-Phase Proteins / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cysts / etiology
  • Cysts / pathology*
  • Epithelial Cells / pathology
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / pathology
  • Lipocalin-2
  • Lipocalins / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Oncogene Proteins / physiology*
  • Polycystic Kidney Diseases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / deficiency*
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Acetyl-Transferring Kinase
  • TRPP Cation Channels / deficiency
  • TRPP Cation Channels / physiology*


  • Acute-Phase Proteins
  • Lipocalin-2
  • Lipocalins
  • Oncogene Proteins
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Acetyl-Transferring Kinase
  • TRPP Cation Channels
  • polycystic kidney disease 1 protein
  • Lcn2 protein, mouse
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases