Benefits of training and development for individuals and teams, organizations, and society

Annu Rev Psychol. 2009;60:451-74. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.60.110707.163505.

Abstract

This article provides a review of the training and development literature since the year 2000. We review the literature focusing on the benefits of training and development for individuals and teams, organizations, and society. We adopt a multidisciplinary, multilevel, and global perspective to demonstrate that training and development activities in work organizations can produce important benefits for each of these stakeholders. We also review the literature on needs assessment and pretraining states, training design and delivery, training evaluation, and transfer of training to identify the conditions under which the benefits of training and development are maximized. Finally, we identify research gaps and offer directions for future research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Humans
  • Inservice Training*
  • Leadership
  • Organizational Objectives
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care
  • Research
  • Social Values
  • Staff Development*
  • Transfer, Psychology