Lesions of the dorsal subiculum and the dorsal hippocampus impaired pattern separation in a task using distinct and overlapping visual stimuli

Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2009 Mar;91(3):287-97. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2008.10.003. Epub 2008 Nov 17.


The contribution of the dorsal subiculum (DS) and of the dorsal hippocampus (DH) to memory for distinct and overlapping visual stimuli was examined. Rats with selective lesions of the DS or the DH were compared to sham-operated rats on a delayed matching-to-place task guided by distal visual cues in a modified radial-arm maze. Overlapping distal visual cues could be perceived from three arm entrances (adjacent arms) and a unique set of distal cues were more likely to be seen from the other two arm entrances (distinct arms). Rats with DS lesions were impaired on trials with baited adjacent arms, but not on trials with baited distinct arms. Rats with DH lesions were impaired on both types of trials. These results suggest that the DS and the DH are necessary for pattern separation and that they may have different contributions to memory.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Cues
  • Hippocampus / pathology
  • Hippocampus / physiology*
  • Male
  • Maze Learning
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Photomicrography
  • Random Allocation
  • Rats
  • Rats, Long-Evans