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. 2008 Sep;10(9):675-84.
doi: 10.1097/gim.0b013e31818337a8.

Genome-wide Gene Expression Profiling and Mutation Analysis of Saudi Patients With Canavan Disease

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Genome-wide Gene Expression Profiling and Mutation Analysis of Saudi Patients With Canavan Disease

Namik Kaya et al. Genet Med. .

Abstract

Purpose: Canavan disease, caused by a deficiency of aspartoacylase, is one of the most common cerebral degenerative diseases of infancy. The aims of this study were to identify the mutations associated with Canavan disease in Saudi Arabia and to identify differentially expressed genes likely to contribute to the development of this disease.

Methods: Polymerase chain reaction, long polymerase chain reaction, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, sequencing, array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH), and global gene expression profiling were used to determine putative mutations and likely gene signatures in cultured fibroblasts of patients from Saudi Arabia.

Results: One novel and one known large deletion and two previously known mutations (IVS4 + 1G>T and G27R) were identified. Compared with controls, 1440 genes were significantly modulated in Canavan patients (absolute fold change [FC] > or =4). Genome-wide gene expression profiling results indicated that some genes, involved in apoptosis, muscle contraction and development, mitochondrial oxidation, inflammation and glutamate, and aspartate metabolism, were significantly dysregulated.

Conclusions: Our findings indicate that the presence of muscle weakness and hypotonia in patients may be associated with the dysregulated gene activities of cell motility, muscle contraction and development, actin binding, and cytoskeletal-related activities. Overall, these observations are in accordance with previous studies performed in a knockout mouse model.

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