Hormone interactions during lateral root formation

Plant Mol Biol. 2009 Mar;69(4):437-49. doi: 10.1007/s11103-008-9417-2. Epub 2008 Nov 4.


Lateral root (LR) formation, the production of new roots from parent roots, is a hormone- and environmentally-regulated developmental process in higher plants. Physiological and genetic studies using Arabidopsis thaliana and other plant species have revealed the roles of several plant hormones in LR formation, particularly the role of auxin in LR initiation and primordium development, resulting in much progress toward understanding the mechanisms of auxin-mediated LR formation. However, hormone interactions during LR formation have been relatively underexamined. Recent studies have shown that the plant hormones, cytokinin and abscisic acid negatively regulate LR formation whereas brassinosteroids positively regulate LR formation. On the other hand, ethylene has positive and negative roles during LR formation. This review summarizes recent findings on hormone-regulated LR formation in higher plants, focusing on auxin as a trigger and on the other hormones in LR formation, and discusses the possible interactions among plant hormones in this developmental process.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abscisic Acid / physiology
  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development
  • Ethylenes / metabolism
  • Gibberellins / physiology
  • Indoleacetic Acids / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • Plant Growth Regulators / genetics
  • Plant Growth Regulators / physiology*
  • Plant Roots / growth & development*
  • Signal Transduction


  • Ethylenes
  • Gibberellins
  • Indoleacetic Acids
  • Plant Growth Regulators
  • Abscisic Acid
  • ethylene