Morphological differences of elite Croatian track-and-field athletes

Coll Antropol. 2008 Sep;32(3):863-8.


In this study we present the morphological characteristics of 54 Croatian national level track-and-field athletes. 21 anthropometric body measures were taken on a sample of 15 sprinters (S), 16 endurance sprinters (S4), 10 middle-distance runners (MD) and 13 long-distance runners (LD). Body fat percentage, body mass index and somatotype were also calculated. Canonical discriminative analysis showed significant difference between the athletes of various running events, in the measures of body volume and body fat, while no significant difference was found in the variables of longitudinal and transversal dimensions of the skeleton. ANOVA and Student t-test for independent samples showed statistically significantly higher thigh and lower leg circumference in sprinters, as well as greater upper arm skinfold in middle-distance runners. The mesomorphic component is a dominant characteristic of somatotype of the runners in all events, whereas the ectomorphic component is the least marked.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anthropometry
  • Body Composition
  • Body Constitution*
  • Croatia
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Somatotypes
  • Track and Field / physiology*
  • Young Adult