Atypical mycobacterial cutaneous infections

Dermatol Clin. 2009 Jan;27(1):63-73. doi: 10.1016/j.det.2008.07.009.


Atypical mycobacterial infections have been a cause of steadily growing infections over the past decades, especially in immunocompromised patients. They are classified by their ability to produce pigment, growth rate, and optimal temperature. Mycobacterium marinum, M. kansasii, and M. avium-intracellulare are examples of slow-growing mycobacteria. M. fortuitum, M. chelonei, and M. abscessus are examples of rapidly growing mycobacteria. Atypical mycobacteria are ubiquitous in the environment. No specific treatment guidelines exist but a multidrug regimen combined with surgical modalities is often used for therapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / diagnosis
  • Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / drug therapy*
  • Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / microbiology*
  • Nontuberculous Mycobacteria / classification*
  • Nontuberculous Mycobacteria / growth & development
  • Skin Diseases, Bacterial / diagnosis
  • Skin Diseases, Bacterial / drug therapy*
  • Skin Diseases, Bacterial / microbiology*