Food labeling: health claims; calcium and osteoporosis, and calcium, vitamin D, and osteoporosis. Final rule

Fed Regist. 2008 Sep 29;73(189):56477-87.

Abstract

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending its labeling regulation authorizing a health claim on the relationship between calcium and a reduced risk of osteoporosis to include vitamin D so that, in addition to the claim for calcium and osteoporosis, an additional claim can be made for calcium and vitamin D and osteoporosis; eliminate the requirement that the claim list sex, race, and age as specific risk factors for the development of osteoporosis; eliminate the requirement that the claim does not state or imply that the risk of osteoporosis is equally applicable to the general U.S. population, and that the claim identify the populations at particular risk for the development of osteoporosis; eliminate the requirement that the claim identify the mechanism by which calcium reduces the risk of osteoporosis and instead make it optional; eliminate the requirement that the claim include a statement that a total dietary intake greater than 200 percent of the recommended daily intake (2,000 milligrams (mg) of calcium) has no further benefit to bone health when the food contains 400 mg or more of calcium per reference amount customarily consumed or per total daily recommended supplement intake; and allow reference for the need of physical activity in either of the health claims to be optional rather then required. This final rule is, in part, in response to a health claim petition submitted by The Beverage Institute for Health and Wellness, LLC.

MeSH terms

  • Bone Density / drug effects
  • Bone Density Conservation Agents / administration & dosage
  • Bone Density Conservation Agents / therapeutic use
  • Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage
  • Calcium, Dietary / pharmacokinetics
  • Calcium, Dietary / therapeutic use*
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Drug Labeling / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Food Labeling / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Health Promotion / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Humans
  • Legislation, Food*
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Osteoporosis / diet therapy
  • Osteoporosis / drug therapy
  • Osteoporosis / prevention & control*
  • Risk Factors
  • United States
  • United States Food and Drug Administration
  • Vitamin D / administration & dosage
  • Vitamin D / pharmacokinetics
  • Vitamin D / therapeutic use*

Substances

  • Bone Density Conservation Agents
  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Vitamin D