Some findings on prospect and refuge theory: II

Percept Mot Skills. 2008 Aug;107(1):141-58. doi: 10.2466/pms.107.1.141-158.


This article presents four new studies on the efficacy of predictions based on prospect and refuge theory and summarizes the results over eight studies. New data covered 49 participants and 36 environments. The eight studies included in the summary covered 144 participants and 80 widely diverse environments (Japanese Tatami rooms, Western rooms, porch, meadow, neighborhood commercial, shopping mall, vacation landscapes). Data were available for hypotheses about five factors: prospect, refuge, light, venue, and spatial transition. Efficacy was represented by correlations for the levels of the factors with responses of preference or comfort. Overall, venue was the most efficacious factor (r = .42, 95% CI = .14, .64). Efficacies for the other factors were very near zero. It is suggested that a considerable amount of additional formal inquiry be conducted before assuming the utility of prospect and refuge theory.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Architecture / statistics & numerical data
  • Attitude*
  • Emotions
  • Environment*
  • Esthetics / psychology
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Judgment
  • Light
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological
  • Perception*
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Psychological Theory*
  • Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data
  • Safety
  • Space Perception
  • Survival / psychology
  • Visual Perception*