Transient reference values for impulse oscillometry for children aged 3-18 years

Pediatr Pulmonol. 2008 Dec;43(12):1193-7. doi: 10.1002/ppul.20926.


Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a technique of assessing mechanical properties of respiratory system by means of measuring resistances and reactances in a number of frequencies during tidal breathing. It is especially useful in preschool children, however has also been validated in older children and adults. The aim of the present study was to construct equations describing normal values of oscillatory parameters in pediatric population of healthy polish children. Six hundred twenty-six healthy children aged 3.1-18.9 years (278 boys and 348 girls) completed the study. Analysis revealed that body height was the best predictor and resistances are best described with exponential model while reactances with linear one, with correlation coefficient r reaching the value of 0.9. Oscillometric resistances decrease with height, while reactances increase. Reference values for children and adolescents will allow not only the interpretation of the measurement, but also will make possible to study changes of oscillometric indices during growth.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oscillometry*
  • Reference Values
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Respiratory Physiological Phenomena*
  • Tidal Volume