Maternity "blues": prevalence and risk factors

Span J Psychol. 2008 Nov;11(2):593-9.


Objectives: estimate the prevalence and track the risk factors associated with, Maternity blues (MB).

Methods: a transversal study was performed with 113 women, on the tenth day of puerperium. The following instruments were used: Pitt Scale (1968), Stein (1980), Inventory for stressful life events by Holmes & Rahe (1967), and a questionnaire with sociodemographic and obstetric data.

Results: the prevalence of MB was 32.7% according to the Stein scale. In the univariated analysis, civil status and tobacco use were associated with MB. Legally married women and nonsmokers showed a risk approximately 4 times lower of experiencing the problem.

Conclusions: MB was very prevalent in this sample. Obstetricians must be aware of this condition which may be associated with postpartum depression.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brazil
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depression, Postpartum / epidemiology*
  • Depression, Postpartum / psychology
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events
  • Marital Status
  • Personality Inventory
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult