Trans fats: foods, facts, and biology

Minn Med. 2008 Oct;91(10):41-4.

Abstract

Trans fatty acids (TFAs) have made headlines because of the federal government's recent regulatory steps to reduce dietary intake of these potentially dangerous compounds. This review will focus on the chemistry of TFAs, their dietary sources, their association with various chronic diseases, and the possible mechanisms explaining their biological effects.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Coronary Disease / etiology
  • Coronary Disease / prevention & control
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / etiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Food Labeling / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Health Education
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / etiology
  • Inflammation / prevention & control
  • Minnesota
  • Neoplasms / etiology
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Rats
  • Risk Factors
  • Trans Fatty Acids / adverse effects*
  • Trans Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • United States
  • United States Food and Drug Administration / legislation & jurisprudence

Substances

  • Trans Fatty Acids
  • Cholesterol