Aims: To evaluate the influence of achieving secondary prevention target treatment goals for cardiovascular (CV) risk factors on clinical outcomes in patients with prior coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG).
Methods and results: Accordingly, we analysed treatment to target goals in patients with prior CABG and atherothrombotic disease or known risk factors (diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, smoking, obesity) enrolled in the global REduction in Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry, and their association with 1 year outcomes. A total of 13 907 of 68 236 patients (20.4%) in REACH had a history of prior CABG, and 1 year outcomes data were available for 13 207 of these. At baseline <25, 25-<50, 50-<75, and > or =75% risk factors were at goal in 3.7, 12.9, 31.7, and 51.7% of patients, respectively. One-year composite rates of CV death, non-fatal MI, non-fatal stroke were inversely related to the proportion of risk factors at goal at baseline (age, gender, and region adjusted rates 6.1, 5.6, 5.2, and 4.3% of patients with <25, 25-<50, 50-<75, and >75% risk factors at goal, respectively; P for trend 0.059).
Conclusion: Risk-factor control varied greatly in CABG patients. Although CABG patients are frequently treated with appropriate therapies, these treatments fail to achieve an adequate level of prevention in many. This failure was associated with a trend for worse age-, gender-, and region-adjusted clinical outcomes. Thus, perhaps secondary prevention after CABG needs to focus on more comprehensive modification of risk factors to target goals in the hope of preventing subsequent CV events, and represents an opportunity to improve CV health.