Hemodialysis catheter-associated central venous stenosis

Semin Dial. Nov-Dec 2008;21(6):522-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-139X.2008.00496.x. Epub 2008 Sep 24.


The purpose of this review is to explore the pathophysiology, epidemiology, and interventional treatment of central vein stenosis (CVS) that may result from central vein catheter (CVC) placement. The precise mechanism of CVC-associated CVS remains largely undefined, though anatomic considerations appear to play a prominent pathologic role. The impact of CVC-associated CVS on arteriovenous fistula outcomes is reviewed. The percutaneous treatment of CVS, observation, angioplasty, or angioplasty with stent placement is reviewed, along with potential surgical treatment options. As the treatment outcomes of CVC-associated CVS have been disappointing, catheter avoidance remains the best strategy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Catheterization, Central Venous / adverse effects*
  • Catheterization, Central Venous / instrumentation*
  • Constriction, Pathologic / epidemiology
  • Constriction, Pathologic / etiology
  • Constriction, Pathologic / therapy
  • Humans
  • Renal Dialysis / instrumentation*
  • Vascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Vascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Vascular Diseases / therapy
  • Veins / pathology*