VPS10P-domain Receptors - Regulators of Neuronal Viability and Function

Nat Rev Neurosci. 2008 Dec;9(12):899-909. doi: 10.1038/nrn2516. Epub 2008 Nov 12.

Abstract

VPS10P-domain receptors, such as SORLA and sortilin, constitute a recently identified class of type-1 receptors that are expressed in neurons. Family members are multifunctional proteins that target a range of ligands, including trophic factors and neuropeptides but also other transmembrane proteins. New findings have revealed unexpected roles for VPS10P-domain receptors as regulators of neuronal viability and function through the regulation of both protein transport and signal transduction. Loss of these activities might contribute to the pathophysiology of devastating disorders of the nervous system, including Alzheimer's disease, affective disorders and post-traumatic neuronal cell death.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Survival / physiology
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / physiology*
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Protein Transport / physiology
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / physiology*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology

Substances

  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Receptors, Cell Surface