A progress assessment to evaluate pharmacy students' knowledge prior to beginning advanced pharmacy practice experiences

Am J Pharm Educ. 2008 Aug 15;72(4):88. doi: 10.5688/aj720488.


Objective: To develop an assessment that would (1) help doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students review therapeutic decision making and build confidence in their skills, (2) provide pharmacy practice residents with the opportunity to lead small group discussions, and (3) provide the assessment committee with program-level assessment data.

Design: A case-based interactive assessment was developed and delivered to PharmD students immediately prior to advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs). The assessment used an audience response system to allow immediate feedback followed by small group discussions led by pharmacy-practice residents. Students self-assessed their knowledge and confidence levels and developed personalized learning objectives for APPEs.

Assessment: Eighty-nine percent of students found the assessment useful, and pharmacy practice residents reported that it was helpful in developing precepting skills. The college assessment committee was able to use the data to supplement the ongoing College curricular mapping process.

Conclusions: An interactive assessment process can help students build confidence for experiential training, provide a learning opportunity for pharmacy residents, and produce program-level data for college assessment purposes. Planned modifications of the assessment include expanding the content areas covered and adding ability-based assessments such as communication skills.

Keywords: ability-based outcomes; advanced pharmacy practice experience; assessment; audience response system; confidence.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Clinical Competence*
  • Communication
  • Computer-Assisted Instruction
  • Education, Pharmacy*
  • Educational Measurement*
  • Feedback
  • Female
  • Group Processes
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Ohio
  • Problem-Based Learning*
  • Professional Role
  • Program Development
  • Program Evaluation
  • Self-Assessment
  • Students, Pharmacy*