An unusual type of glycosylation has been observed for tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA). The monosaccharide fucose is glycosidically linked to threonine-61 in the epidermal growth factor region of t-PA. The presence of O-linked fucose was demonstrated by carbohydrate analysis and mass spectrometry of tryptic and chymotryptic peptides that contain this site. The susceptibility of the fucose residue to alpha-fucosidase indicated that it was in the alpha-anomeric configuration. Fucosylation of threonine-61 was observed in t-PA isolated from the Bowes melanoma cell line and from recombinant expression systems using Chinese hamster ovary or human embryonic kidney cells. Fucosylation of the homologous residue in prourokinase has also been reported recently. Our results indicate that this novel type of glycosylation may be common to the epidermal growth factor domains found in coagulation and fibrinolytic proteins and, therefore, suggest that the modification may have functional significance.