The purpose of this study was to determine whether delaying bedtime or advancing rising time by 4 h affects anaerobic performance of individuals the following day in the morning and afternoon. Eleven subjects participated in the study, during which we measured the maximal, peak, and mean powers (i.e., P(max) [force-velocity test], P(peak), and P(mean) [Wingate test], respectively). Measurements were performed twice daily, at 07:00 and 18:00 h, following a reference normal sleep night (RN), a partial sleep deprivation timed at the beginning of the night (SDB), and a partial sleep deprivation timed at the end of the night (SDE), and oral temperature was measured every 4 h. Each of the three experimental conditions was separated by a one-week period. Our results showed a circadian rhythm in oral temperature, and analysis of variance revealed a significant sleep x test-time effect on peak power (P(peak)), mean power (P(mean)), and maximal power (P(max)). These variables improved significantly from the morning to the afternoon for all three experimental conditions. Whereas the morning-afternoon improvement in the measures was similar after the RN and SDB conditions, it was smaller following the SDE condition. There was no significant difference in the effect of the two sleep-deprivation conditions on anaerobic performances at 07:00 and at 18:00 h under the SDB condition in comparison with the post-reference night. However, the performance variables were significantly lower at 18:00 h after the SDE condition. In conclusion, a 4 h partial sleep deprivation at the end of the night appears to be more disturbing than partial sleep deprivation at the beginning of the night.