Effect of intraocular lens design on posterior capsule opacification

J Cataract Refract Surg. 2008 Nov;34(11):1976-85. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2008.07.029.


Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) remains the most common long-term complication after cataract surgery. Many studies have attempted to identify factors that influence the development of PCO. The aim of this systematic review based on Cochrane methodology was to summarize the effects of intraocular lens (IOL) geometry, including modifications of the IOL optic (especially optic edge design) and haptics, on the development of PCO. Twenty-six prospective randomized controlled trials with a follow-up of at least 12 months were included. In 5 of 7 studies, visual acuity was better in sharp-edged IOLs than in round-edged IOL. The PCO score was significantly lower with sharp-edged IOLs but did not differ significantly between 1-piece and 3-piece open-loop IOLs. Because of the significant difference in the PCO score, sharp-edged IOL optics should be preferred to round-edged IOL optics.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Cataract / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Lens Capsule, Crystalline / pathology*
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular
  • Lenses, Intraocular*
  • Phacoemulsification
  • Postoperative Complications*
  • Prosthesis Design*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic