Surgical menopause may increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The aim of this study was to determine the risk of metabolic syndrome in women who had undergone risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) because of increased risk of hereditary breast ovarian cancer (HBOC). A sample of 326 (65% of invited) women at risk of HBOC who had undergone RRSO was compared to 679 women from the general population. Mean follow-up after surgery was 6.5 years (standard deviations [SD] 4.4). RRSO was significantly associated with metabolic syndrome according to the 2005 National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria (odds ratio [OR] 2.46 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.63, 3.73]) and according to the International Diabetes Federation criteria (OR 2.49 [CI 1.60, 3.88]), as were increasing age and body mass index (BMI). RRSO in women at risk of HBOC is significantly associated with the metabolic syndrome, and the follow-up after RRSO should take these findings into consideration.