Transvaginal ultrasound for diagnosis of deeply infiltrating endometriosis

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009 Feb;104(2):156-60. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2008.10.005. Epub 2008 Nov 18.


Deeply infiltrating endometriosis is the clinical form of the disease that is generally associated with conditions of more intense pain and may require more complex surgical management, consequently resulting in greater risks to the patient. In recent years, various investigators have confirmed the usefulness of methods such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), transrectal ultrasound and transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) for the diagnosis of deep endometriotic lesions. The objectives of the present study are to describe the method used to perform TVUS for the detection of deeply infiltrating endometriosis, and to discuss the clinical benefits that the data obtained may offer clinicians providing care for patients suspected of having this type of endometriosis.

MeSH terms

  • Endometriosis / diagnosis
  • Endometriosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis
  • Intestinal Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color / methods*
  • Vagina / diagnostic imaging