Ablation of "tolerance" and induction of diabetes by virus infection in viral antigen transgenic mice

Cell. 1991 Apr 19;65(2):305-17. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(91)90164-t.


To address the mechanisms of tolerance to extrathymic proteins, we have generated transgenic mice expressing the lymphocytic choriomeningitis viral (LCMV) glycoprotein (GP) in the beta islet cells of the pancreas. The fate of LCMV GP-specific T cells was followed by breeding the GP transgenic mice with T cell receptor transgenic mice, specific for LCMV and H-2Db. These studies suggest that "peripheral tolerance" of self-reactive T cells does not involve clonal deletion, clonal anergy, or a decrease in the density of T cell receptors or accessory molecules. Instead, this model indicates that self-reactive cytotoxic T cells may remain functionally unresponsive, owing to a lack of appropriate T cell activation. Infection of transgenic mice with LCMV readily abolishes peripheral unresponsiveness to the self LCMV GP antigen, resulting in a CD8+ T cell-mediated diabetes. These data suggest that similar mechanisms may operate in several so-called "T cell-mediated autoimmune diseases."

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte / analysis
  • Antigens, Viral / analysis
  • Antigens, Viral / genetics*
  • CD4 Antigens / analysis
  • CD8 Antigens
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / genetics*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / immunology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / microbiology
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Glycoproteins / analysis
  • Glycoproteins / genetics*
  • Immune Tolerance / genetics*
  • Immunotherapy, Adoptive
  • Insulin / genetics
  • Interferon-gamma / pharmacology
  • Islets of Langerhans / immunology
  • Islets of Langerhans / microbiology*
  • Islets of Langerhans / pathology
  • Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus / genetics*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / genetics
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / physiology
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • Viral Proteins / analysis
  • Viral Proteins / genetics*


  • Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte
  • Antigens, Viral
  • CD4 Antigens
  • CD8 Antigens
  • Glycoproteins
  • Insulin
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Viral Proteins
  • Interferon-gamma