Background: The multikinase inhibitor sorafenib (Nexavar) is associated with a relatively high incidence of dermatologic symptoms.
Objective: We sought to evaluate and provide guidance on the diagnosis and clinical management of dermatologic symptoms associated with sorafenib in patients with advanced solid tumors.
Methods: English-language studies representative of a patient population with a variety of tumor types, who received single-agent sorafenib, were selected. Particular emphasis was placed on the phase III Treatment Approaches in Renal Cancer Global Evaluation Trial (TARGETs).
Results: Frequently observed dermatologic side effects (any grade in TARGETs) of sorafenib include rash/desquamation (40%), hand-foot skin reaction (30%), alopecia (27%), and pruritus (19%). Generally, dermatologic symptoms resolve with appropriate management, including topical treatments, dose interruptions, dose reductions, or a combination of these.
Limitations: The results presented here are based on a limited number of studies.
Conclusion: Although sorafenib is associated with dermatologic symptoms, these are usually resolved with appropriate intervention, patient-led practical treatment, and preventative measures.