Modulation of macrophage functions by compounds isolated from Zingiber officinale

Planta Med. 2009 Feb;75(2):148-51. doi: 10.1055/s-0028-1088347. Epub 2008 Nov 24.

Abstract

Bioactivity-guided fractionation of Zingiber Officinale (zingiberaceae) led us to isolate 14 compounds, -gingerol ( 1), -gingerol ( 2), -gingerol ( 3), -gingerol ( 4), -paradol ( 5), -shogaol ( 6), -shogaol ( 7), 1-dehydro- -gingerdione ( 8), -gingerdione ( 9), hexahydrocurcumin ( 10), tetrahydrocurcumin ( 11), gingerenone A ( 12), 1,7-bis-(4' hydroxyl-3' methoxyphenyl)-5-methoxyhepthan-3-one ( 13), and methoxy- -gingerol ( 14). Using the RAW 264.7 cell line, the inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production induced by lipopolysaccharide and the stimulatory effects on phagocytosis of these compounds were evaluated. Compounds 7, 8, and 9 significantly decreased lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production, and compounds 7 and 8 significantly reduced inducible nitric oxide synthase expression. Among them, compound 8 also showed significant stimulatory effects on phagocytosis.

Publication types

  • Letter
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Catechols / chemistry
  • Catechols / pharmacology
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Diarylheptanoids / chemistry
  • Diarylheptanoids / pharmacology
  • Fatty Alcohols / chemistry
  • Fatty Alcohols / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Ginger / chemistry*
  • Guaiacol / analogs & derivatives
  • Guaiacol / chemistry
  • Guaiacol / pharmacology
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
  • Macrophages / drug effects*
  • Mice
  • Molecular Structure
  • Nitric Oxide / biosynthesis*
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Phagocytosis / drug effects*
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Catechols
  • Diarylheptanoids
  • Fatty Alcohols
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Plant Extracts
  • gingerenone A
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Guaiacol
  • shogaol
  • gingerol
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
  • gingerdione