Objective: Preliminary report of the efficacy of a Web-based treatment program to improve adolescent and family psychosocial functioning following traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Participants: Families of 9 adolescents with TBI (2 severe and 7 moderate) injured less than 24 months ago participated in this study.
Intervention: A Web-based family treatment program designed to enhance family problem solving and adjustment, as well as reduce adolescent behavioral and social problems that are common sequelae of moderate-to-severe TBI was used as intervention. The program consisted of 10 core sessions and up to 4 supplemental sessions, each consisting of self-guided Web exercises followed by a videoconference therapy session.
Results: Significant improvements were found in parent-reported adolescent internalizing behaviors, self-reported adolescent depressive symptoms, parental depression, and parent-adolescent conflict. Effect sizes were in the medium-to-high range for these same contrasts. Exploratory analyses suggested that providing audio with the Web site may enhance some outcomes.
Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence of the feasibility and efficacy of family-centered online intervention for improving adolescent and family adaptation following pediatric TBI.