Aims: To evaluate the recurrence rate of vitreous haemorrhage (VH) in patients treated with one intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection (2.5 mg/0.1 ml) before planned pars plana vitrectomy for treatment of diabetic non-clearing VH.
Methods: Prospective pilot study of 32 eyes of 31 consecutive diabetic patients who underwent IVB injection within 1 week before surgery for persistent VH in the presence of active proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Three masked retinal specialists graded the amount of VH from grade 0 to grade 3 with slit-lamp biomicroscopy. Main outcome measures were the rate of recurrence of the VH, improvement in visual acuity, incidence of cataract formation, and postoperative complications through a follow-up of 6 months.
Results: The percentage of severe recurrent VH with no fundus details (grade 3) was 3% at 1 week follow-up and 3, 6, and 6% respectively at 1-, 3-, and 6-month follow-up. The mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) improved from 1.6 (1/60) to 0.40 (6/15) logMAR (P=0.02) in 29 out of 32 eyes (91%). In all, 12 out of 22 (54%) phakic eyes developed cataract during the follow-up period, and 10 (31%) of them underwent cataract surgery.
Conclusions: Our study suggests that IVB injection few days before planned surgery seems to be efficacious and safe as an adjuvant treatment to prevent rebleeding in eyes undergoing pars plana vitrectomy for treatment of diabetic vitreous haemorrhage. IVB facilitates the surgery and reduces the need for extensive delamination and segmentation, decreasing the possibility of significant early active postoperative VH.