Vitreitis and movement disorder associated with neurosyphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection: case report

Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2008 Sep-Oct;71(5):717-8. doi: 10.1590/s0004-27492008000500020.


In this report, we describe an unusual patient with a choreiform movement disorder, misdiagnosed as Huntington disease, who later developed dense vitreitis leading to the identification of Treponema pallidum as the underlying pathogen of both abnormalities.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • Humans
  • Huntington Disease / diagnosis*
  • Male
  • Neurosyphilis / complications
  • Neurosyphilis / diagnosis*
  • Optic Neuritis / complications
  • Optic Neuritis / diagnosis*
  • Optic Neuritis / microbiology
  • Treponema pallidum / isolation & purification*