A homozygote splice site PMS2 mutation as cause of Turcot syndrome gives rise to two different abnormal transcripts

Fam Cancer. 2009;8(3):179-86. doi: 10.1007/s10689-008-9225-5. Epub 2008 Nov 28.


Turcot syndrome is a rare, inherited disease predisposing of tumours in the central nerve system and in the colorectal system. This report describes a Turcot patient with an extraordinary clinical history. The patient is still alive at the age of 43. She was operated at the age of 10 by brain tumour and at the age of 16 by colorectal cancer. She has since then been treated for multiple cancers (gastrointestinal, endometrial, basal cell carcinomas), and removal of adenomatous polyps at several occasions. The aim of this work was to investigate if there was any specific genotype that explains her remarkable clinical history. Microsatellite instability and immunohistochemistry analysis for four DNA mismatch repair proteins were performed. DNA mutation analysis was done for genes involved in polyposis and mismatch repair by denaturing high performance liquid chromatography and sequencing. cDNA analysis was carried out for the mismatch repair gene PMS2. The patients genotype was found to be a homozygous splice site mutation in the PMS2 gene, c.989-1G<T, which resulted in two abnormal transcripts, not one as expected. The patient's long time survival may in part be explained by meticulous follow up by health care professionals. The other importing factor is probably the nature of here genotype. cDNA analysis showed that the homozygous mutation led to two abnormal transcripts, of which one is perhaps less detrimental. Thus cDNA analysis is of prime importance for the full evaluation of the effect of putative splicing mutations.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / genetics*
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / genetics*
  • Central Nervous System Neoplasms / genetics
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics
  • DNA Mismatch Repair / genetics
  • DNA Repair Enzymes / genetics*
  • DNA, Complementary / analysis
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Mismatch Repair Endonuclease PMS2
  • Mutation


  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases
  • PMS2 protein, human
  • Mismatch Repair Endonuclease PMS2
  • DNA Repair Enzymes