The USA National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study (NLLFS): homophobia, psychological adjustment, and protective factors

J Lesbian Stud. 2008;12(4):455-71. doi: 10.1080/10894160802278630.

Abstract

The study assessed the influence of protective factors on the psychological adjustment of children who had experienced homophobia and whose mothers were participants in a longitudinal study of planned lesbian families. Data were collected as part of the National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study by interviewing the children and having the mothers complete questionnaires. No significant differences were found in the psychological adjustment of children in the present study and their age-matched peers in a U.S.-population sample. Homophobia had a negative impact on the well-being of children who experienced it. Attending schools with LGBT curricula and their mothers' participation in the lesbian community were found to protect children against the negative influences of homophobia.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child Behavior / psychology*
  • Child Welfare / psychology
  • Child Welfare / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Homosexuality, Female / psychology
  • Homosexuality, Female / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mother-Child Relations
  • Netherlands
  • Parenting / psychology
  • Peer Group
  • Phobic Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Phobic Disorders / psychology
  • Psychology, Child
  • Social Adjustment*
  • United States / epidemiology