Current-level Discrimination and Spectral Profile Analysis in Multi-Channel Electrical Stimulation

J Acoust Soc Am. 2008 Nov;124(5):3142-57. doi: 10.1121/1.2981638.

Abstract

In experiment 1, six cochlear-implant (CI) listeners discriminated a stimulation pattern eliciting equal loudness for each electrode from a stimulation pattern in which the stimulation at one or more electrodes was increased (peak) or decreased (notch). Three cochlear locations and three bandwidths were tested, without and with level roving. Listeners could always detect peaks but not always notches. Increasing the bandwidth beyond two electrodes produced no improvement in just-noticeable differences (JNDs). JNDs for the basal location were higher than for the apical and middle locations, although listeners had highly individual tendencies. In experiment 2, listeners discriminated changes in the peak heights and notch depths. JNDs for higher peaks were better while JNDs for deeper notches were worse than for experiment 1. In experiment 3, listeners discriminated the electrode position of peaks or notches. JNDs were approximately one electrode. In experiment 4, the first three experiments were repeated with large amounts of level roving. There was no evidence that CI listeners performed an across-channel comparison in these tasks.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cochlea / physiology*
  • Cochlear Implantation*
  • Cochlear Implants*
  • Discrimination, Psychological
  • Ear / physiology
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Electrodes
  • Hearing Aids*
  • Hearing Tests
  • Humans
  • Loudness Perception / physiology
  • Speech Perception / physiology*