Role of water in super growth of single-walled carbon nanotube carpets

Nano Lett. 2009 Jan;9(1):44-9. doi: 10.1021/nl801876h.


The Ostwald ripening behavior of Fe catalyst films deposited on thin alumina supporting layers is demonstrated as a function of thermal annealing in H2 and H2/H2O. The addition of H2O in super growth of single-walled carbon nanotube carpets is observed to inhibit Ostwald ripening due to the ability of oxygen and hydroxyl species to reduce diffusion rates of catalyst atoms. This work shows the impact of typical carpet growth environments on catalyst film evolution and the role Ostwald ripening may play in the termination of carpet growth.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Colloids / chemistry
  • Crystallization / methods*
  • Hydrogen / chemistry*
  • Macromolecular Substances / chemistry
  • Materials Testing
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Nanotechnology / methods*
  • Nanotubes, Carbon / chemistry*
  • Nanotubes, Carbon / ultrastructure*
  • Particle Size
  • Surface Properties
  • Water / chemistry*


  • Colloids
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Nanotubes, Carbon
  • Water
  • Hydrogen