Red reflex examination in neonates, infants, and children

Pediatrics. 2008 Dec;122(6):1401-4. doi: 10.1542/peds.2008-2624.


Red reflex testing is an essential component of the neonatal, infant, and child physical examination. This statement, which is a revision of the previous policy statement published in 2002, describes the rationale for testing, the technique used to perform this examination, and the indications for referral to an ophthalmologist experienced in the examination of children.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Ophthalmoscopes
  • Ophthalmoscopy / standards*
  • Pediatrics / standards*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Societies, Medical / standards
  • United States
  • Vision Disorders / diagnosis
  • Vision Screening / standards*