The simian virus 40 (SV40) genome is a model system frequently employed for investigating eukaryotic replication. Large T-antigen (T-ag) is a viral protein responsible for unwinding the SV40 genome and recruiting necessary host factors prior to replication. In addition to duplex unwinding T-ag possesses G-quadruplex DNA helicase activity, the physiological consequence of which is unclear. However, formation of G-quadruplex DNA structures may be involved in genome maintenance and function, and helicase activity to resolve these structures may be necessary for efficient replication. We report the first real-time investigation of SV40 T-ag helicase activity using surface plasmon resonance (SPR). In the presence of ATP, T-ag was observed to bind to immobilized single-stranded DNA, forked duplex DNA, and the human telomeric foldover quadruplex DNA sequence. Inhibition of T-ag duplex helicase activity was observable in real-time and the intramolecular quadruplex was unwound.