Background and purpose: A pilot study of high dose coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10))/vitamin E therapy in Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) patients resulted in significant clinical improvements in most patients. This study investigated the potential for this treatment to modify clinical progression in FRDA in a randomized double blind trial.
Methods: Fifty FRDA patients were randomly divided into high or low dose CoQ(10)/ vitamin E groups. The change in International Co-operative Ataxia Ratings Scale (ICARS) was assessed over 2 years as the primary end-point. A post hoc analysis was made using cross-sectional data.
Results: At baseline serum CoQ(10) and vitamin E levels were significantly decreased in the FRDA patients (P < 0.001). During the trial CoQ(10) and vitamin E levels significantly increased in both groups (P < 0.01). The primary and secondary end-points were not significantly different between the therapy groups. When compared to cross-sectional data 49% of all patients demonstrated improved ICARS scores. This responder group had significantly lower baseline serum CoQ(10) levels.
Conclusions: A high proportion of FRDA patients have a decreased serum CoQ(10) level which was the best predictor of a positive clinical response to CoQ(10)/vitamin E therapy. Low and high dose CoQ(10)/vitamin E therapies were equally effective in improving ICARS scores.