The effect of three different mouthrinses on the surface hardness, gloss and colour change of bleached nano composite resins

Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent. 2008 Sep;16(3):104-8.


This in vitro study evaluated the effects of three mouthrinses (Listerine--alcohol containing, Oral B--alcohol free and Rembrandt Plus--peroxide whitening rinse) on the surface hardness, gloss and colour of a nanofill (Filtek Supreme) and nanohybrid (Simile) composite resin that had been subjected to bleaching treatment. 30 specimens of each material were fabricated and randomly divided into three groups of 10. The hardness, gloss and CIE Lab colour parameters of each specimen were assessed prior to the experiments. Specimens were exposed to the 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching agent (Vivastyle) for 2 hours per day for 14 days. Following the bleaching treatment measurements were repeated. The specimens were then conditioned with mouthrinses for 12 hours which was equivalent in time to 1 year of two minutes daily use. The specimens were measured again for hardness, gloss and colour and data were subjected to the statistical analysis. The result of this study showed no statististical difference between the restorative materials after bleaching and the use of mouthrinses (p > 0.05). Bleaching treatment and the use of mouthrinses af fected the hardness, gloss and colour of both resins. Significant differences were observed with the use of mouthrinses for all parameters (p < 0.05). Rembrandt Plus promoted the greatest changes, followed by Listerine and Oral B.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local / chemistry
  • Carbamide Peroxide
  • Cetylpyridinium / chemistry
  • Color
  • Composite Resins / chemistry*
  • Dental Materials / chemistry*
  • Drug Combinations
  • Ethanol / chemistry
  • Hardness
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / chemistry
  • Light
  • Materials Testing
  • Mouthwashes / chemistry*
  • Nanocomposites / chemistry*
  • Oxidants / chemistry*
  • Peroxides / chemistry*
  • Salicylates / chemistry
  • Solvents / chemistry
  • Surface Properties
  • Terpenes / chemistry
  • Time Factors
  • Urea / analogs & derivatives*
  • Urea / chemistry


  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Composite Resins
  • Dental Materials
  • Drug Combinations
  • Filtek Supreme
  • Mouthwashes
  • Oxidants
  • Peroxides
  • Salicylates
  • Simile composite resin
  • Solvents
  • Terpenes
  • Vivastyle
  • Carbamide Peroxide
  • Ethanol
  • Listerine
  • Urea
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Cetylpyridinium