A combination of affinity column chromatography and preparative gel electrophoresis has been used to purify to homogeneity the two isozymes of dihydrofolate reductase from a trimethoprim-resistant strain of Escherichia coli B (RT 500). These enzyme forms are noninterconvertible and are present in crude cell lysates, but other electrophoretic species can be generated durng purification if sulfhydryl-protecting agents, such as dithiothreitol, are not present. The two isozymes, numbered form 1 and form 2 with respect to their decreasing electrophoretic mobilities, have similar molecular weights (18 500), molecular radii (21 A), and apparent Km values for reduced nico inamide adenin- dinucleotide (NADH) and NADH phosphate (NADPH). Both forms contain 2 mol of sulfhydryl/mol of enzyme which can be oxidized to intramolecular disulfide bonds. However, forms 1 and 2 differ physically in their electrophoretic mobility and isoelectric point and kinetically in their pH-activity profile, specific activity, Km for dihydrofolate, and their affinity toward a number of inhibitors.