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Review
. 2008 Dec 9;52(24):1949-56.
doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2008.08.050.

Vitamin D Deficiency an Important, Common, and Easily Treatable Cardiovascular Risk Factor?

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Review

Vitamin D Deficiency an Important, Common, and Easily Treatable Cardiovascular Risk Factor?

John H Lee et al. J Am Coll Cardiol. .

Abstract

Vitamin D deficiency is a highly prevalent condition, present in approximately 30% to 50% of the general population. A growing body of data suggests that low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels may adversely affect cardiovascular health. Vitamin D deficiency activates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and can predispose to hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy. Additionally, vitamin D deficiency causes an increase in parathyroid hormone, which increases insulin resistance and is associated with diabetes, hypertension, inflammation, and increased cardiovascular risk. Epidemiologic studies have associated low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with coronary risk factors and adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Vitamin D supplementation is simple, safe, and inexpensive. Large randomized controlled trials are needed to firmly establish the relevance of vitamin D status to cardiovascular health. In the meanwhile, monitoring serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and correction of vitamin D deficiency is indicated for optimization of musculoskeletal and general health.

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