The Actin-Cytoskeleton Linker Protein Ezrin Is Regulated During Osteosarcoma Metastasis by PKC

Oncogene. 2009 Feb 12;28(6):792-802. doi: 10.1038/onc.2008.437. Epub 2008 Dec 8.

Abstract

Ezrin is a member of the ERM (ezrin, radixin, moesin) protein family and links F-actin to the cell membrane following phosphorylation. Ezrin has been associated with tumor progression and metastasis in several cancers including the pediatric solid tumors, osteosarcoma and rhabdomyosarcoma. In this study, we were surprised to find that ezrin was not constitutively phosphorylated but rather was dynamically regulated during metastatic progression in osteosarcoma. Metastatic osteosarcoma cells expressed phosphorylated ERM early after their arrival in the lung, and then late in progression, only at the invasive front of larger metastatic lesions. To pursue mechanisms for this regulation, we found that inhibitors of PKC (protein kinase C) blocked phosphorylation of ezrin, and that ezrin coimmunoprecipitated in cells with PKCalpha, PKCiota and PKCgamma. Furthermore, phosphorylated forms of ezrin and PKC had identical expression patterns at the invasive front of pulmonary metastatic lesions in murine and human patient samples. Finally, we showed that the promigratory effects of PKC were linked to ezrin phosphorylation. These data are the first to suggest a dynamic regulation of ezrin phosphorylation during metastasis and to connect the PKC family members with this regulation.

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Bone Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Bone Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Osteosarcoma / metabolism*
  • Osteosarcoma / pathology
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism*
  • Wound Healing

Substances

  • Actins
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • ezrin
  • Protein Kinase C