Can individuals meet multiple physical activity and dietary behavior goals?

Am J Health Behav. 2009 May-Jun;33(3):277-86. doi: 10.5993/ajhb.33.3.6.


Objectives: To examine whether participants with the most behavioral goals to achieve were more likely to meet more goals than those given fewer goals.

Methods: Eight hundred ten participants were randomly assigned to advice-only, established guidelines for blood pressure control (reduced sodium, increased physical activity), or established guidelines plus the DASH diet (increased fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy, reduced fat).

Results: At 6 months, 11.7% of Advice-Only, 19.3% of Established, and 44.6% of Established plus DASH met at least 3 goals (P<0.0001). At 18 months, 33.5% of Established plus DASH met at least 3 goals.

Conclusions: Those with the most goals to achieve reached the most goals.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Mass Index
  • Diet / standards*
  • Female
  • Goals
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / prevention & control
  • Hypertension / therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Activity*
  • Patient Compliance
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods*
  • Weight Loss