Parents questioning immunization: evaluation of an intervention

Am J Health Behav. May-Jun 2009;33(3):287-98. doi: 10.5993/ajhb.33.3.7.


Objectives: To compare attitudes of parents who filed or considered filing an exemption to school immunization requirements and/or would not have their child immunized if it were not required by law (cases) to controls. To develop and evaluate a brochure intervention for parents considering an exemption.

Methods: Interviews, focus groups, mailed surveys.

Results: Cases had more negative attitudes about vaccines than controls did. Although the brochure did not significantly improve parents' immunization attitudes compared to controls, most parents who received the intervention reported a positive impression.

Conclusions: A science-based educational intervention for parents considering a vaccine exemption may help improve parents' opinions of childhood vaccines.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Health Education / methods*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Immunization / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Immunization / psychology*
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pamphlets
  • Parents / education*
  • Parents / psychology*
  • United States
  • Young Adult